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Which of the following is NOT one of the six steps of the Scientific Method?

POST PSY341 UNIT 8 FINAL EXAM

Question

Question 1

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Academic level of your paper

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How many pages is this assigment?

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which of the following is NOT one of the six steps of the Scientific Method?

Communicate Findings to Others

Design/Run a Study

Review the Literature

Question 2

0 out of 2 points

Where in an article does the Literature Review usually appear?

Middle

End

Question 3

2 out of 2 points

The topics of the study, if complex, are usually defined within the Introduction section of an article.

True

False

Question 4

2 out of 2 points

Which study design would be the most appropriate? You don’t know anything about women, so you observe them and take notes on them to learn more.

Explanatory

Descriptive

Question 5

0 out of 2 points

Which study design would be the most appropriate? You know that there is a new treatment in a prison that seems to work. You believes it causes prisoners to think differently, so you run a study that measures thoughts. You compare a control group that receives no treatment with one that receives the new prison treatment.

Explanatory

Descriptive

Question 6

2 out of 2 points

Which study design would be the most appropriate? You observe two different prisons, one that has air-conditioning and one that doesn’t, to see which has more rioting.

Cross-Sectional

Cross-Sectional

Longitudinal

Question 7

2 out of 2 points

Which study design would be the most appropriate? You follow around the same prisoner for a year, measuring the changes in his aggression during each season of the year.

Cross-Sectional

Longitudinal

Question 8

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT a typical section included in a research study article:

Method

Discussion

Correct

Theory

Results

Introduction

Question 9

2 out of 2 points

Your hypothesis is largely based on the findings of previous literature regarding your topic.

True

False

Question 10

0 out of 2 points

What is the Independent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? Adolescents with single-parents are more likely to have low self-esteem.

Being an adolescent

Having single-parents

Having low self-esteem

Question 11

2 out of 2 points

What is the Independent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? A person’s anger will be increased when he or she takes revenge.

The person

The anger

The revenge

Question 12

2 out of 2 points

What is the Dependent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? Financial strain is the leading cause of bank robbery in Michigan.

Bank Robbery

Financial Strain

Bank Robbery

The Bank Robbers

Michigan

Question 13

2 out of 2 points

Which is true?

The Independent Variable influences the Dependent Variable

The Independent Variable influences the Dependent Variable

The Dependent Variable influences the Independent Variable

The Independent Variable and Dependent Variable equally affect each other

Question 14

2 out of 2 points

Is the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You think: If all seagulls have wings, and all seagulls fly, then all animals with wings must fly.

Inductive Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

Question 15

2 out of 2 points

Is the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You think: Jack is taller than Jill, and Jill is taller than George. Therefore, Jack is taller than George.

Deductive Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

Question 16

0 out of 2 points

Is the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You know from previous studies that if someone punches a pillow to get rid of their anger, they will become more angry next time. You run a study based on this knowledge and have many people feel very angry later on from punching a pillow.

Inductive Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

Question 17

0 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT one of the top advantages of using self-report measures when compared to other types?

More Cost-effective

Quicker

More Valid

Can administer more than one at a time

Question 18

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT true of a peer-reviewed article?

It is always considered scholarly

It always has been edited many times

It is always reviewed by experts in the field

It is always reviewed by friends of the author

Question 19

2 out of 2 points

Which APA-style citation is correct?

One study found men to be “overly aggressive.” (Smith, pg. 3, 2000)

One study found men to be “overly aggressive” (Smith, p. 3).

One study found men to be “overly aggressive.”(Smith, 2000, pg. 3)

Question 20

2 out of 2 points

Which APA-style citation is correct?

One study, Smith (pg. 3), found men to be “overly aggressive.” (2000)

One study, Smith (p.3), found men to be “overly aggressive”.

One study, Smith (2000), found men to be “overly aggressive.” (pg. 3)

Question 21

2 out of 2 points

Which APA-style reference is correct?

Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.

J.K. Smith, p. 15-16, Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 2000.

Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.

Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.

Question 22

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT another word for reliability?

Dependability

Stability

Question 23

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT another word for validity?

Accuracy

Authenticity

Truthfulness

Loyalty

Question 24

2 out of 2 points

Which type of reliability is this? A test that is given today will receive the same score if given tomorrow.

Test-retest

Internal Consistency

Inter-rater

Parallel forms

Question 25

0 out of 2 points

Which type of validity is this? An experimenter that wants to measure depression makes sure her test indicates depressive behaviors and not something else.

Criterion

Construct

Question 26

2 out of 2 points

A weighing scale that is always 10 pounds off reflects:

High validity; Low reliability

High validity; High reliability

Low validity; Low reliability

Question 27

2 out of 2 points

Critical thinking question: Which of the following is a reason an experimenter might design a test with low face validity?

If she wants the participant to know what she is testing

If she does not want the participant to know what she is testing

If she wants the test to have similar scores when taken at different times

If she wants the test to be reliable

Question 28

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT typically a component of a method section?

Results

Participants

Design

Procedure

Materials

Question 29

2 out of 2 points

The results section gives the data found in a study, as well as the interpretations and implications of that data.

True

False

Question 30

2 out of 2 points

A large sample size will be more accurate than a small sample size.

True

False

Question 31

0 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT an example of probability sampling?

Simple Random

Systematic

Stratified

Correct

Convenience

Question 32

2 out of 2 points

Typically, quantitative study design has a firmer agenda and requires more preparation beforehand than qualitative study design.

True

False

Question 33

2 out of 2 points

Quantitative study design is more likely to be exploratory than qualitative.

True

False

Question 34

2 out of 2 points

Quantitative study design follows a more structured order than qualitative.

True

False

Question 35

2 out of 2 points

Correct

While there is a feminist paradigm that focuses on viewing society from a female perspective, there can really be paradigms for any culture, including religion, ethnicity, and political affiliation.

True

False

Question 36

Critical thinking question: Which design is a cross-sectional study more likely to have?

Question 37

2 out of 2 points

Since most studies done in America use American participants, the findings of those studies might not apply to other countries.

True

False

Question 38

0 out of 2 points

Randomly assigning participants to two groups balances out the groups, making them as similar as possible.

True

False

Question 39

2 out of 2 points

Which study design would be the most appropriate for the following scenario: You are measuring the difference in how well you play hockey from the beginning to end.

Within-subjects

Between-subjects

Question 40

2 out of 2 points

Correct

Which study design would be the most appropriate for the following scenario: You are measuring the difference in how well the home hockey team plays compared to the visiting team.

Within-subjects

Between-subjects

Question 41

2 out of 2 points

Which study design is the most likely to be used for this scenario: You are creating a study that examines the effects of being a victim of trauma on adult anxiety.

Classic (True) Experimental

Quasi-Experimental

Pre-experimental

Question 42

2 out of 2 points

Which study design is the most likely to be used for this scenario: You are creating a study where you are measuring the effects of music on anger. You randomly assign people into two different groups: Music and no music and have them think of angry thoughts while listening to music or no music.

Classic (True) Experimental

Quasi-Experimental

Pre-experimental

Question 43

2 out of 2 points

Would you use a mean or median with the following dataset: 1,3,3,5,6,18?

Mean

Median

Question 44

2 out of 2 points

What is the mode of the following dataset: 1,3,3,5,6,18?

3

5

6

18

Question 45

2 out of 2 points

The p-value has to be less than what number for the findings of a statistical test to be significant?

.05

.01

.05

.1

.5

Question 46

2 out of 2 points

What is your z-score if you scored a 20 on an exam with a mean of 20 and a standard deviation of 10?

0

1

10

20

Question 47

2 out of 2 points

How many groups are compared in an ANOVA?

3 or more

1

2

3 or more

Question 48

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT something a t-test and a correlation have in common?

They can compare 2 groups

You can find out relationships between different groups

You can tell whether or not there is significance using a p-value

You can see if the Independent Variable influences the Dependent Variable

Question 49

2 out of 2 points

Which of the following is NOT a component of a research study’s Discussion section?

Compares the study’s findings to the findings of previous research

Discusses the limitation of a study

Demonstrates how the study was run

Provides suggestions for future research studies

Question 50

0 out of 2 points

Which is NOT an example of a safeguard used to prevent/reduce potential harm to participants?

Informing the participant about the details of the study before participating

Debriefing the participant after participating

Confirming that the participant is participating as a volunteer

Ensuring the participant that all of the data is confidential

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