UNIT 9 Exploring the Etiology of Schizophrenia
In their book Divided Minds, identical twins Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner describe a close childhood relationship, apart from typical sibling rivalries. Carolyn often felt she had to prove that she was as intelligent and creative as Pamela. As they entered their teenage years, however, the twins grew apart. Pamela’s increasingly bizarre behaviors became an embarrassment to Carolyn. By the time the twins were college students at Brown University, Pamela was becoming more and more reclusive. Eventually, Pamela had a psychotic episode, although it was years before she was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Carolyn went on to graduate from Brown and then from Harvard Medical School. She is now a practicing psychiatrist. Pamela lives nearby, doing her artwork when she can but constantly battling to keep her schizophrenia under control with medications and counseling. The twins once again are very close emotionally.
Address the following using headings to match content in each bullet point:
· Drawing from the unit readings and your understanding of the etiology of schizophrenia, how might you explain why Pamela developed schizophrenia but Carolyn did not?
Support your ideas with references to the course texts, articles from this learning unit, articles from the Optional Readings, or articles from peer-reviewed journals.
Use your Abnormal Psychology text to read the following:
· Chapter 8, “Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders,” pages 210–240.
Use the DSM-5 to read the following:
· In Section II, “Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders.”
. Review the main diagnoses found here.
· National Institute of Mental Health. (2016). Mental health medications. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/mental-health-medications/index.shtml