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Philosophy

QUESTION 4

1. John Stuart Mills and other philosophers espoused the “Utility Theory” out of which Utilitarianism was born. The best description of Utilitarianism is:

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a. An absolute, unconditional requirement that asserts its authority in all circumstances, both required and justified as an end in itself.
b. One should act so as to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of individuals.
c. One should strive for simplicity in all things.
d. The highest form of human achievement is to be useful to society.

QUESTION 5

1. One of the benefits of conducting commerial processes with computers and networks is:

a. Creating more adminstrative jobs in organizations that embrace electronic commerce.
b. The need to rely solely on the U.S. Postal System to convey payments from businesses to suppliers.
c. Near instantaneous collaboration.
d. Higher prices to the consumer.

QUESTION 6

1. Whistleblowing includes all of the following except:

a. Concerns a significant moral issue.
b. The recipient of the information can be anyone.
c. Conveying information outside approved channels.
d. An employee or former employee discloses company information.

QUESTION 7

1. Which of the following expresses the concept of Utilitarianism?

a. Our actions, decisions and behavior must be guided by moral maxims.
b. A moral maxim must have universality.
c. An action that creates the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
d. Our actions, decisions and behavior must be guided by moral maxims.

QUESTION 8

1. The rights of workers is covered by:

a. The US Constitution.
b. For members of the militiary, the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).
c. Federal law, state law, and local law.
d. All of the above.

QUESTION 9

1. This philosopher is credited with being the first philosopher. He believed that water was the primary element in the universe.

a. Socrates
b. Anaximander
c. Thales
d. Pythagoras

QUESTION 10

1. The public offical who said “In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarrented influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial compelx.  The potential for the disasterous rise of misplaced power exists, and will persist”.

Ronald Reagan
Harry S. Truman
Harold Stassen
Dwight Eisenhower

QUESTION 11

1. Intentionally representing someone else’s work as you own is best described as:

a. Cheating.
b. Plagiarism.
c. Theft.
d. Misrepresentation.

QUESTION 12

1. Which of the following is not a feature of an ethical corporate climate?

a. Top management has an engineering degree.
b. Top management sets a personal example of moral behavior.
c. Ethics policies are well documented and discussed frequently by corporate leaders.
d. Top management develops policies and standards for corporate ethics.

QUESTION 13

1. The justification to maintain confidentiality is:

a. To respect the autonomy of individuals and corporations.
b. To establish trustworthiness.
c. The pubic benefits in recognizing confidentiality relationships within professional contexts.  
d. All of the above.

QUESTION 14

1. Sherwood Rowland was a social activist who is best known for:

a. His suggestion that energy efficient water pumps and electrical systems that can be maintained locally in economically disadvantaged countries.
b. His belief that the ozone layer protects the entire planet from deadly ultraviolet ( UV) radiation; although it is a relatively thin and diffuse layer, it is critical for protecting nearly all life forms. 
c. His thesis that the primary cause of severe hurricanes, tornados and fooding is global climate change.
d. His belief that pesticides, in particular dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), were killing creatures beyond their intended target, insects. 

QUESTION 15

1. Aristotle believed “causes” served as the process whereby potentiality becomes actuality. An efficient cause is described as:

a. What a thing becomes when it fulfills its potential.
b. The process of creation.
c. The external force that creates or initiates the new object.
d. The natural state of an object.

QUESTION 16

1. The humanists believed:

a. Three stages of knowledge exist – fantasy, reasons and divine inspiration.
b. Reality has two realms – matter and force.
c. Humans are the primary beings in the universe and do not need divine intervention.
d. The solar system is heliocentric.

QUESTION 17

1. Which of the following is an accurate definition of a patent?

a. Is proprietary information.
b. Legally protects specific products.
c. Is a trade secret.
d. Is confidential information.

QUESTION 18

1. Which of the following are computer crimes?

a. Property crime.
b. Identity theft.
c. Embezzlement.
d. All of the above.

QUESTION 19

1. The philosopher who was executed for corrupting the youth of Athens and committing acts of impiety was:

a. Aristotle
b. Prince
c. Socrates
d. Descartes

QUESTION 20

1. Aristotle believed “causes” served as the process whereby potentiality becomes actuality. A formal cause is described as:

a. What a thing becomes when it fulfills its potential.
b. The process of creation.
c. The external force that creates or initiates the new object.
d. The natural state of an object.

QUESTION 21

1. Rachel Carson’s book, The Silent Spring, makes a stong case that:

a. The primary cause of severe hurricanes, tornados and fooding is global climate change.
b. Pesticides, in particular dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), were killing creatures beyond their intended target, insects. 
c. Energy efficient water pumps and electrical systems that can be maintained locally in economically disadvantaged countries.
d. The ozone layer protects the entire planet from deadly ultraviolet ( UV) radiation; although it is a relatively thin and diffuse layer, it is critical for protecting nearly all life forms. 

QUESTION 22

1. Adam Smith, a Scottish philospher, is best know for which theory?

a. The Categorical Imperative Theory.
b. The Global Climate Change Theory.
c. The Marginal Utility Theory
d. The Invisible Hand Theory.

QUESTION 23

1. Which are values that place legitimate limits on access to information.

a. Individual privacy.
b. National security.
c. The right to access any information. 
d. A and B.

QUESTION 24

1. Plato’s Republic was characterized by the idea that:

a. Military leaders should lead the nation or state.   b. Art and poetry represent the essence of the human soul and should be supported by state funding.   c. The best form of an organized society should be a democratic state that allows each individual to pursue his or her dreams.   d. Philosophers should occupy the highest positions in the nation or state.  

QUESTION 25

1. The Skeptics believed:

a. Everything happens for the best and you can expect the worst things to happen.
b. Nothing can be known for sure.
c. If all the parts of an organism have functions, so must the organism as a whole.
d. All knowledge comes from sensory experiences.

QUESTION 26

1. Intentionally preventing others from studying for a test by hiding their study notes is an example of:

a. Fabrication.
b. Theft.
c. Sabotage.
d. Cheating.

QUESTION 27

1. A worldview is:

a. Present in some normal adults, but mysteriously absent in others.
b. A set of life-shaping beliefs and attitudes about our identity and purpose in the cosmos.
c. A concept that places responsibility for actions on the correct individual.
d. A concept that weighs costs and benefits to determine the value of a decision or action.

QUESTION 28

1. Individual farmers may be motivated by self-interest to enlarge their common-pasture herd by one or two cows, especially given that each act taken by itself does negligible damage.  When every farmer replicates this behavior and causes environmental damage, this concept is known as:

a. Third Party Effect.
b. Contrarianism.
c. Merchantilism.
d. Tragedy of the Commons.

QUESTION 29

1. After you leave the employment of a company, you can

a. Disclose confidential information.
b. Disclose proprietary information.
c. Disclose privaledged information.
d. None of the above.

QUESTION 30

1. The Epicureans believed:

a. Everything happens for the best and you can expect the worst things to happen.
b. Nothing can be known for sure.
c. If all the parts of an organism have functions, so must the organism as a whole.
d. All knowledge comes from sensory experiences.

QUESTION 31

1. Which of the following is not considered an environmentally progressive firm?

a. FedEx
b. Honda
c. Apple
d. Exxon

QUESTION 32

1. Which of the following statements about whistleblowing is not true?

a.  Whistleblowing is the best method for remedying problems.
b. Whistleblowing should be used as a last resort.
c. Whistleblowing may not be needed if there is an environment that affirms the efforts of engineers to assert their professional judgement on ethical issues.  
d. Whistleblowing may not be needed if open communication is encouraged.

QUESTION 33

1.  Computer innovator J.C.R. Licklider’s intermediate goals for information technology included:

a. Automatic computer design functions.
b. Solid state storage devices.
c. Geosynchronous satellites to provide near real-time access to digital information.
d. Interactive real-time systems for information processing and programming.

QUESTION 34

1. Globalization:

a. Is a process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.
b. Involves the social conditioning and personal behaviors that support a state’s decisions and actions.
c. Is a process where state-owned assets are privatized and later nationalized again, often when a different political party or faction is in power.
d. Is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies and governments of different nations

QUESTION 35

1. The use of computers may affect moral issues involving: 

a. Free speech.
b. Respect for privacy
c. Respect for property.
d. All of the above.

The post Philosophy appeared first on Smart Essays.

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