Question 1: Family structure
Family composition: the family is composed of various persons including the father mother and all the siblings. The siblings are two males and one daughter. The males are the eldest siblings with one of them being 18 years and the second born being 16 years while the last born daughter is 13 years of age. In addition to these family members, there is also their paternal grandmother who lives with them. She is elderly and hence she solely depends on the family for all her basic needs. The family also enjoys relative close ties with their extended family members who visit on occasions for family gatherings and other important events.
Race/ethnicity: The family members are of black American ethnicity. They have however been living in the country all their live.
Social class: The family can be termed to be in a middle-class social class because of the considerable amount of wealth they are possessing (not too much and not too less).
Spirituality: Majority of the family members are of the Christian faith. The father, mother, the first born son and the third born daughter as well as the grandmother are all of Christian faith. The second born son is however described as of unknown spirituality since he boldly confirms that he doesn’t know his religion.
Environment: The family growing environment is the United States, Brooklyn New York.
Question 2: Overall Health Behaviors and the current health of the family
According to the questionnaires that the family filled, in can deduce that their health behaviors are positive. Questions concerning their perception of their health, nutrition, exercise, rest and sleep among others were filled positively meaning that their health behaviors are generally good. For instance, asked if they usually practice balanced diet, a majority of them said they usually do that in that it helped them maintain their health in good condition and more so avoid diseases that result from poor eating habits. However, the data provided by the family members looks like it is vague in that the current health conditions of most of the members in deteriorating condition. A number of the family members suffer from diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity. Paul (2016) believes the main reason for this may be because they do not always visit a qualified nutritionists who may help them on the correct balanced diet and also on how best to exercise so that they can protect themselves from the above diseases.
During the interview, a number of functional health pattern strengths were identified. One of the functional health pattern strength identified was consumption of balanced diet. All members outlined their efforts towards taking a balanced diet. Consumption of a balanced diet is an essential step towards living a healthy life. In the recent past, there has been an increase in life style disease which are highly attributed to lack of a balanced diet. Some of the lifestyle diseases include cardiovascular diseases and diabetes (Kobayashi et al., 2017). To reduce the risk of these diseases, a balanced diet is required. Another functional health patter strength is regular exercising. Members of the family indicated that they have a regular exercise routine to maintain body fitness. Exercises are important as they burn body fats which are the main causes of lifestyle diseases.
Despite the health strengths identified in the family, health problems were identified in some areas. One of the areas that head problems was psychology. The family members who had cognitive problems have not been going for therapy session. This is a health problem as members are at risk of suffering from psychological problems such as depression. Another health problem in the family is obesity. Despite the exercises and the efforts to achieve a balanced diet, a big number of family members are obese. Obesity is dangerous because it attracts other diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. Also, there is a problem of high blood pressure in the family. Almost all the family members suffer from high blood pressure.
The family system theory can be applied to introduce changes in the family that will enhance the family functions overtime (Becvar, 2017). The heads of family can introduce regular family meetings to facilitate sharing of ideas. Regular meetings will bring the family together and give each member a sense of belonging. The family should also ensure that they go for regular health checkups. Some of the disease in the family have been affecting them for a long time due to failure to seek early intervention. Regular checkups will help in detecting diseases in early stages. For the exercises, the family should hire an instructor to supervise their exercises. This is important especially for people with certain lifestyle diseases.
Paul, T. (2016). “Nothing about us without us”: towards patient and family-centered care. AMA journal of ethics, 18(1), 3-5.
Becvar, R. J., & Becvar, D. S. (2017). Systems theory and family therapy: A primer. Rowman & Littlefield.
Kobayashi, J., Ohtake, K., & Uchida, H. (2015). NO-rich diet for lifestyle-related diseases. Nutrients, 7(6), 4911-4937.
APPENDIX I: QUESTIONNAIRE
1. Values/Health Perception
a. How do you perceive your health?
b. What are your health values?
c. What is the relationship between your health and values?
a. What foods do you take regularly to balanced your diet?
b. What foods do you think are not good for your health?
c. What is perception on nutrition?
a. How many hours do you sleep?
b. How is your sleep affecting your health?
c. How many do you take rests during the day?
a. What kind of friends do you think you should eliminate from your life?
b. What behaviors do you think you can eliminate to live better life?
c. Which family members should eliminate some of their behaviors?
a. How often do you exercise?
b. How are your exercise helping or harming you?
c. Which exercise activities do you engage in?
a. How can you describe your cognition?
b. What challenges do you have (if any) as far as cognition is concerned?
c. Which other members of the family (if any) has had cognitive problems?
a. How can you describe your sensory-perception?
b. How can you enhance your sensory perception?
c. What challenges do you face with sensory perception?
a. How do you perceive yourself?
b. What factors do you think can enhance your level of self-perception?
c. How do often do you have challenges with self-perception?
9. Role Relationship
a. What role do you play in the family?
b. How is the role relationship in your family?
c. What do you think can be done to ensure that a positive role relationship is maintained?
a. What is your sexuality?
b. Name one family member (if any) is not straight?
c. What challenges have you faced when accommodating members of different sexualities in your family?
a. How do you cope with other family members?
b. How is the relationship between the family members?
c. What do you face when coping with various family members?