- Medical Sociology/History – The Roman Catholic Church is considered to be a major contributor
The Roman Catholic Church is considered to be a major contributor to the framing of hospital systems, as an extension of its duty to succor the sick and indigent. Early hospitals, although lacking in strict hygienic practices, promoted social equity as a means to care for marginalized members of society. The poor, aged, homeless, military soldiers, crippled, orphans, injured, and sick were warehoused and cared for by duty-bound monks and nuns. At the time, these early hospitals were without benefit of regulations or policies that protected patients from living in unclean conditions, being subjected to inferior standards of care, abuse, neglect, and misappropriation of funds. Source: Risse, Guenter B. (1999). Mending bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals. NY: Oxford University Press. What do you think was the influence of the church as a model for hospitals during the Renaissance and Reformation eras? How effective have hospitals been as poorhouses? What was the impact of mixing the sick and poor in terms of hygiene, sanitation, and patient safety? Justify your answers with appropriate research and reasoning and comment on the postings of at least two peers.