According to Samson, Johns, Billingsworth, Hamilton, Beach, Samson, Gonzales, and Gram (2010), in their study titled “Belief in a Just World,” people have the necessity to believe that the world is a just place, as it makes them feel better about their own decisions and the outcomes they will inevitably experience.

Instructions:  This assignment is regarding APA formatting. It is related to your Chapter 14 (Smith and Davis) material.

Question 1:

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Read the following paragraph and spot the APA style errors in the paragraph. List at least 2 errors that you found, and explain how to correct each error (1 point per error spotted). 

According to Samson, Johns, Billingsworth, Hamilton, Beach, Samson, Gonzales, and Gram (2010), in their study titled “Belief in a Just World,” people have the necessity to believe that the world is a just place, as it makes them feel better about their own decisions and the outcomes they will inevitably experience. As these authors note, “The belief in a just world gives them somewhat of a safety blanket – the assurance that bad things only happen to bad people while good things happen to good people (pp. 263). ” This belief in a just reason does a few things for people. 1st, it helps them see the world as less chaotic than it really is. This can be reassuring in the sense that the world is predictable. Second, it helps them psychologically, as they can see cause-and-effect relationships in the world, which provides a strong foundation for acting. This does not imply that they see the world as it really is, though. Blaming the victim actually takes them away from reality. So what happens when you reinforce that reality? That is what Jameson, Queen, et al. did in their study. After watching a videotape of a victim falling down stairs, they had some people engage in mimicry of the victim (essentially copying the victim’s fall, albeit in a padded research lab). Compared to participants who did not engage in mimicry, those who copied the victim’s fall blamed the victim less for the incident. In the end, many factors (such as increasing identification, empathy, or priming people to consider things from the victim’s perspective), can influence their degree of commitment to the belief in a just world (Johnson and Smith, 2019, p. 10).

Question 2:

This paragraph  you read in the question above is actually fictional, but imagine that you want to reference the Ben S. Jameson and Sarah B. Smith article, and that it was published it in April, 2009 in the journal Social Development, volume 22, pages 299-304. Their title was, “Belief In A Just World in Children: The Implications For Behavior.” Below, write out the correct reference in APA format. Note – there is no doi for this journal article. Note: it may be difficult to use double spacing and hanging indent in your answer below, so don’t worry about those formatting aspects. 

Question 3:

Which of the following references is written correctly?

A. Twenge, & Campbell (2003). “Isn’t it fun to get the respect that we’re going to deserve?” Narcissism, social rejection, and aggression. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 261-272. doi:0.1023/A:1010613909207

B. Twenge, J.M., & Campbell, W.K. (2003). “Isn’t it fun to get the respect that

we’re going to deserve?” Narcissism, social rejection, and aggression.

Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 261-272.

doi: 10.1023/A:1010613909207

C. Twenge, J.M., & Campbell, W.K. (2003). “Isn’t it fun to get the respect that we’re going to deserve?” Narcissism, social rejection, and aggression. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 261-272.  doi: 10.1023/A:1010613909207

D. Twenge, J.M., & Campbell, W.K. (2003). “Isn’t it fun to get the respect that

we’re going to deserve?”Narcissism, social rejection, and aggression.

Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 261-272.

doi: 10.1023/A:1010613909207

Question 4:

You read an article entitled: ”How Sex Puts You In Gendered Shoes: Sexuality-Priming Leads To Gender-Based Self-Perception And Behavior” by Hundhammer, T. and Mussweiler,T. This article was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 2012. In in your literature review you write the statement that: “Some studies found that priming influences gender-based self-perception.” Which of the following represents a correct in-text citation? 

Group of answer choices

Some studies found that priming influences gender-based self-perception. (Hundhammer, and Mussweiler, 2012).

Some studies found that priming influences gender-based self-perception (Hundhammer & Mussweiler, 2012).

Some studies found that priming influences gender-based self-perception. (Hundhammer, T. & Mussweiler, T.,  2012).

Some studies found that priming influences gender-based self-perception. (Hundhammer et al., 2012).

Question 5:

You would like to cite this research article: Des Rosiers, S. E., Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Ham, L. S., & Huang, S. (2013). A cultural and social cognitive model of differences in acculturation orientations, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol risk behaviors among Hispanic college students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69, 319-340. This article has five authors and you are citing it in text for a second time in your research paper. 

Group of answer choices

(Des Rosiers, Schwartz, Zamboanga, B. L., Ham, Huang et al., 2013).

Et al., cannot never be used because there are too few authors.

(Des Rosiers, Schwartz, et al., 2013)

(Des Rosiers et al., 2013).

Question 6:

Correct the following incorrect reference– type in the correct format below.

Parker, Julia. H., Van Lenten, Scott. A., Pina, Armando. A. 2016. Control over Anxiety and Dispositional    Coping Tendencies Predict Pre-Sleep Arousal Among Anxious Children. Behavioral Sleep Medicine,  81, pp. 1-12. doi:10.1080/15402002.2015.1133419

Question 7:

Which of the following in-text citations is correct?

Group of answer choices

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska and Knaack, 2003).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska, B. & Knaack, S. 2003).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska & Knaack, 2003, p. 10).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska, B. & Knaack, S. 2003, p. 10).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska & Knaack, 2003).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence (Kochanska, B. and Knaack, S. 2003, p. 10).

This study found that effortful control during early childhood is associated with internalizing difficulty in adolescence. (Kochanska & Knaack, 2003).

Question 8:

Which of the following in-text citations is correct?

Group of answer choices

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi & Garry, 2003, p. 492).

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi, M. and Garry, P. 2003, p. 492).

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi and Garry, 2003)

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi, M. & Garry, P. 2003, p. 492).

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi & Garry, 2003).

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi and Garry, 2003, p. 492).

“Subjects were told that the experiment was about alcohol’s influence on preferred learning modes” (Assefi, M. & Garry, P. 2003).

The post According to Samson, Johns, Billingsworth, Hamilton, Beach, Samson, Gonzales, and Gram (2010), in their study titled “Belief in a Just World,” people have the necessity to believe that the world is a just place, as it makes them feel better about their own decisions and the outcomes they will inevitably experience. appeared first on Smart Essays.

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