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A system in which governmental units and states share power with a central government

Question 1

A unitary form of government is defined as:

A system in which states and other governmental units have supreme authority over themselves

A system in which states and other governmental units are completely controlled by and under the authority of a central government

A system in which the people have supreme authority over themselves 

A system in which governmental units and states share power with a central government

Question 2

At the time of the founding of the new nation, Britain had what form of government?

State-based form of government 

Direct democracy 

Unitary form of government 

Central form of government 

Question 3

Based on the 1790 U.S. Census, the National Archives estimates that only 20.7 percent of the U.S. population were White males 16 years and older. What percentage of the U.S. population does the National Archive estimate was eligible for participation in the political system by way of being White male property owners?

  18 percent 

  2 percent 

  14 percent 

  6 percent 

Question 4

Concurrent Resolution 331, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1988, recognized the influence of the ____________ on the _____________ and the ____________.

  Iroquois Confederacy; Articles of Confederation; Bill of Rights 

  Iroquois Constitution; U.S. Constitution; Bill of Rights 

  Algonquin Confederacy; Articles of Confederation; Bill of Rights 

  Iroquois Constitution; Articles of Confederation; U.S. Constitution 

Question 5

Democracy is:

  A system of government in which religious leaders control the political process

  A system of government in which the people exercise political power 

  A system of government in which the people control their economic well-being

  A system of government in which political leaders make all social and economic decisions

Question 6

Do contemporary conservatives fully adhere to classical republican theories?

Yes, contemporary conservatives support using the government to solve social problems

No, contemporary conservatives believe in a limited role for government for solving social problems

Yes, contemporary conservatives value individual liberty over the public good

No, contemporary conservatives believe the government has a role to play in individual lives

Question 7

For the Constitution to become the new national government after the Continental Congress passed it, __________ of the states had to ratify it.

  All 

  Two-thirds 

  Three-fourths 

  One-half 

Question 8

Government provides security for its citizens by:

  Protecting them from unfair business practices 

  Protecting them from discrimination 

  Maintaining armed forces 

  All of the above 

Question 9

Lemuel Haynes argued that slavery directly violated classical republican theory. Which of the following arguments would not fit into this argument?

  People cannot be classified as property 

  Denying liberty to slaves undermines the intrinsic virtue of the citizenry 

  Given that slaves are individuals, their rights should be protected under the law

  Because liberty is a natural right, slavery is unlawful 

Question 10

Rule of law is defined as:

  The idea that laws only applies to the people and not to the politicians 

  The idea that although laws are important, general government decisions are supreme

  The idea that laws should take precedence over arbitrary governance 

  The idea that laws should be based on biblical authority 

Question 11

The Articles of Confederation established a _____________, in which the legislative body consisted of only one house.

  Government with three branches 

  Unicameral form of government 

  Bicameral form of government 

  Government run solely through Congress 

Question 12

The Articles of Confederation failed due to:

  The inability of the government to declare war and make peace 

  A lack of will among the states to maintain alliances 

  The inability of the government to make decisions 

  The inability of the government to exert any real power in the running of the nation

Question 13

The body of political philosophy concerned with the idea that rule by the people should be indirect through representatives is known as:

  Classical egalitarianism 

  Classical liberalism 

  Classical republicanism 

  Inegalitarianism 

Question 14

The creation of a weak central government under the Articles of Confederation was a logical step for the new nation given that:

  The colonists did not think government was useful 

  The colonists had rebelled against overbearing religious dogma 

  The colonists had rebelled against the absolutism of the British government

  The colonists knew nothing of political philosophy 

Question 15

The existence of the Internal Revenue Service is an example of Congress’s:

  legislative powers 

  implied powers 

  stated powers 

  enumerated powers 

Question 16

The Framers of the Constitution worked to find a balance between:

  The authority of the states and the authority of the central government 

  The authority of religion and the authority of government 

  The authority of the rich and the authority of the poor 

  The authority of monarch and the authority of the legislature 

Question 17

The main overarching mechanism for controlling people’s behavior and managing their conflicts is: 

  Government 

  Religion 

  Military action 

  Naure 

Question 18

The official resolutions adopted by the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate in 2008 and 2009 concerning the historical relationship between the government and African Americans included all of the following EXCEPT:

  A resolution to provide reparations for descendants of slaves 

  A formal apology for slavery 

  An acknowledgment of harmful government action against African Americans via Jim Crow laws

  An acknowledgment that past government actions have influenced the current position of African Americans

Question 19

The social construction of race is defined as:

  The construction of a group of people based on skin color to fit religious norms

  The construction of a group of people of various phenotypes, skin colors, and physical characteristics for political and social purposes

  The codification of the reality that some groups of people are innately different from others

  The understanding that race is innately biological and free from governmental influences

Question 20

The sociopolitical philosophical tradition supporting the exclusion of large segments of the American population from participation in the political system is known as:

  Inegalitarianism 

  Classical liberalism 

  Classical egalitarianism 

  Classical republicanism 

Question 21

The U.S. Congress provided an apology and reparations to which of the following groups?

  Native Hawaiians for the seizure of their land 

  Japanese Americans interned during World War II 

  African American descendants of slaves 

  Jewish Americans in European concentration camps during World War II 

Question 22

The U.S. Congress’ Naturalization Act of 1790 pronounced that:

  Only free persons born in the United States were eligible for citizenship 

  Only free White persons were eligible for citizenship 

  Only free White males were eligible for citizenship 

  All persons born in the United States were eligible for citizenship 

Question 23

The U.S. government is an example of which type(s) of democracy?

  Representative democracy 

  Direct democracy 

  Constitutional democracy 

  B and C 

Question 24

To control the behavior of its people, government:

  All of the above 

  Devises rules and regulations 

  Manages conflict 

  Establishes order 

Question 25

To protest the Tea Act in 1773, colonists disguised as ____________ boarded ships in Boston Harbor and threw tea chests overboard.

  Runaway slaves 

  Women 

  American Indians 

  British royals 

Question 26

To provide for the public good, governments must:

  None of the above 

  Place the needs of groups with the most resources over groups with few resources

  Occasionally encroach on individual liberty 

  Regularly encroach on the national security of society 

Question 27

Under the Constitution, the amendment ratification process:

  Allows one state to veto any changes 

  Allows two states to veto any changes 

  Is difficult and allows a small minority of states to veto any changes 

  Is easy in that it does not take a majority of states to veto any changes 

Question 28

What are enumerated powers?

  Powers of the state governments specifically stated in the Constitution 

  Powers of the state governments that are inferred from the powers expressly stated in the Constitution

  Powers of the federal government specifically stated in the Constitution 

  Powers of the federal government that are inferred from the powers expressly stated in the Constitution

Question 29

Which of the following are to be considered natural rights?

  Those rights that exist only in nature 

  Those rights to which every person is entitled and that are independent of government

  Those rights that are based on social, economic, and political status 

  Those rights that are clearly delineated in a constitution 

Question 30

What factors contributed to the broad-scale institution of slavery in Virginia by 1661?

  Increase in the supply of African slaves 

  Difficulty with Indian servitude 

  Lack of sufficient White indentured servitude 

  All of the above 

Question 31

What is a confederation?

  A system in which states and other governmental units relinquish all political power, and no economic power, to the central government

  A system in which states and other governmental units are completely controlled by and under the authority of a central government

  A system in which states and other governmental units organize a weak central government while maintaining ultimate power for themselves

  A system in which there is only a central government 

Question 32

What is the main point of the supremacy clause?

  It establishes that the Constitution and the laws of the United States are the law of the land and supreme to all laws passed by the state and local governments

  It establishes that the national, state, and local governments have equal amounts of power

  It establishes that the Articles of Confederation and the laws of the United States are the law of the land and supreme to all laws passed by the state and local governments

  It establishes that the laws of the state and local governments are the law of the land and supreme to all laws passed by the national governments

Question 33

When a government provides for the public good, it:

  Makes decisions that reflect a narrow set of social interests 

  Ensures that discrimination only applies to a few specific groups 

  Creates policies that benefit individuals, rather than society as a whole 

  Creates policies that benefit society as a whole, rather than specific individuals

Question 34

When did the first Africans arrive in the American colonies?

  1607 

  1641 

  1683 

  1619 

Question 35

Which central questions fueled the American Revolution?

  Monarchical autonomy and autocratic freedom 

  British freedom and colonial rule 

  Colonial government and autocratic freedom 

  Colonial autonomy and monarchical rule 

Question 36

Which characteristics do all classical liberal theories share?

  Pessimism about individual behavior, group favored over the individual, heavily regulated economy, reason before religious faith

  Pessimism about individual behavior, group favored over the individual, free-market economy, religious dogma over scientific reason

  Optimism about individual behavior, individual favored over the group, free-market economy, reason before religious faith

  Optimism about individual behavior, individual favored over the group, heavily regulated economy, religious dogma over scientific reason

Question 37

Which clause gives Congress the authority to make essential and appropriate laws to carry out its enumerated responsibilities?

  Supremacy clause 

  Equal protection clause 

  Due process clause 

  Necessary and proper clause 

Question 38

Which compromise resolved the issue of how to count slaves for representational purposes?

  Three-Fifths Compromise 

  New Jersey Compromise 

  Virginia Compromise 

  Two-Thirds Compromise 

Question 39

Which group was in favor of the ratification of the Constitution?

  Anti-Constitutionalists 

  Antifederalists 

  Federalists 

  Constitutionalists 

Question 40

Which of the following is an example of direct democracy?

  Referendums 

  Congressional elections 

  Initiatives 

  A and C 

Question 41

Which of the following doctrines aided in the justification of the exclusion of women from the political system?

  Racial inequality 

  Protestantism 

  Coverture 

  Civilization 

Question 42

Which of the following was not a power of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation?

  Power to enact taxes 

  Power to coin money 

  Power to make treaties 

  Power to declare war 

Question 43

Which of the following helped to expose the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

  Bacon’s Rebellion

  None of the above 

  Shays’s Rebellion

  Revere’s Rebellion

Question 44

Which of the following plans proposed a system of government with a strong central government with three branches, and a legislature with proportional representation?

  Virginia Plan 

  Massachusetts Plan 

  Rhode Island Plan 

  New Jersey Plan 

Question 45

Which of the following plans proposed a system of government that maintained a confederation with a unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state?

  Rhode Island Plan 

  New Jersey Plan 

  Virginia Plan 

  Massachusetts Plan 

Question 46

Which of the following was a direct effect of the Three-Fifths Compromise?

  Small states had significantly more representation in the House than they would have if slaves were not counted

  Slaveholding states had significantly more representation in the House than they would have if slaves were not counted

  None of the above 

  All non-White individuals in the United States were counted as three-fifths of a person for representation purposes

Question 47

Which of the Founders posited the belief that Blacks were innately inferior to Whites and called on science to demonstrate this inferiority?

  Adams 

  Jefferson 

  Madison 

  Franklin 

Question 48

Which Parliamentary act was the first to impose a direct tax on the colonists?

  Quartering Act 

  Stamp Act 

  Sugar Act 

  Declaratory Act 

Question 49

Which Supreme Court ruling resulted in a broad interpretation of the necessary and proper clause?

  McCulloch v. Maryland [1819] 

  Barron v. Baltimore [1833] 

  Dred Scott v. Sandford [1857] 

  Hurtado v. California [1884] 

Question 50

Why were the Antifederalists opposed to the Constitution?

  All of the above 

  They feared a consolidated government 

  They opposed unlimited taxing power 

  It lacked a bill of rights


A system in which governmental units and states share power with a central government was first posted on July 16, 2019 at 5:02 am.
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